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“One way or the other, Robespierre’s warning that Europe would not welcome ‘armed missionaries’ was vindicated: the ‘reason’, ‘fraternity’, ‘equality’ and ‘liberty’ offered by France were rejected not only because they were an outside imposition, but because they were highly oppressive in practice. ‘I attest,’ Napoleon’s foreign minister, Talleyrand, cautioned, ‘that any system which aims at taking freedom by open force to other peoples will only make that freedom hated and prevent its triumph.’

p. 166-7 – Europe, Brendan Simms, 2013.